Manage trigger start services with Service Trigger Editor
Free!

Configure Trigger-Start Services with Service Trigger Editor

Improve performance on Windows 8/7 & Windows Server 2012/2008 R2 by starting (or stopping) your Windows Services on demand

Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 introduced some cool new features for Windows Services. One of the most important, called Service Triggers, enables Windows Services to be started or stopped when certain conditions are met instead of having to run 24x7. Service Trigger Editor was created to manage this new feature and easily add/edit/view Service Triggers.


Trigger Start Services: Overview

What are Service Triggers / Trigger-Start Services?

Windows Services (essential utilities integrated with Windows that largely run in the background) have traditionally had two choices for when to run:

  1. Start when the computer boots ("Automatic"), or
  2. Run only when explicitly started by the user or a program ("Manual")
Choosing the "Manual" option surrenders life-cycle control to outside programs (or the user), so it is easy to see why many services are configured to start when the computer boots and continue to run 24x7 in the background. Most just hang around waiting for relevant events (for example, when a user logs on) and spend much of their time "sleeping" while nothing is going on. Even so, they steal valuable machine resources with their inefficient and constant polling for changes.

To improve the situation, Microsoft has wisely integrated an "Event Mechanism" directly into the Windows Services architecture. Services can now be started or stopped when certain conditions are met. For example, a service can ask Windows to start it when a USB device is plugged in -- instead of having to run 24x7, constantly waking up and scanning the hardware for changes.

This powerful new feature is called Service Triggers (or Trigger-Start Services, a misnomer, as services can be trigger-stopped as well). It is only available in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2. Indeed, Windows 7 makes extensive use of Service Triggers, with over 20 of the core services leveraging this new feature. For example, the ubiquitous Computer Browser service, which runs 24x7 on Windows XP, is now configured to start only when one of several firewall ports is opened, and is stopped when those ports are closed. Similarly, the Windows Time service, which synchronizes the time on your machine with other servers, is started when the PC joins a domain, and stopped when it leaves a domain. Both of those service remain in the stopped state for the vast majority of time, thus reducing the demands on the computer.

With Triggers, services can be started or stopped when:

  • A device arrives (or is present when the system starts);
  • The computer joins or leaves a domain;
  • A firewall port is opened or closed;
  • A machine policy or user policy changes;
  • The first IP address on the TCP/IP networking stack becomes available or the last IP address on the stack becomes unavailable.
Microsoft will undoubtedly be adding other useful triggers in future releases of Windows.

For the technically inclined:



Trigger Start Services: Overview

What is Service Trigger Editor?

Service Trigger Editor is a free administrative utility that can add, change, or view the Triggers configured on Windows Services. It only runs on Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 (and later) as Service Triggers are not supported in earlier versions of Windows.

Service Triggers can be created and manipulated using the command-line SC tool (sc.exe). For example, here is SC showing us the triggers associated with the "Windows Time" service:

C:\>sc qtriggerinfo w32time
[SC] QueryServiceConfig2 SUCCESS

SERVICE_NAME: w32time

 START SERVICE
   DOMAIN JOINED STATUS : 1ce20aba-9851-4421-9430-1ddeb766e809 [DOMAIN JOINED]
 STOP SERVICE
   DOMAIN JOINED STATUS : ddaf516e-58c2-4866-9574-c3b615d42ea1 [NOT DOMAIN JOINED]

While we found SC to be good enough for occasional use, always having to resort to the command line became a drag when we were integrating Service Triggers into AlwaysUp, our easy-to-use utility that will run any application as a Windows Service. Hence this utility was born.


Trigger Start Services: Overview

Running Service Trigger Editor

  • There is no need to install Service Trigger Editor. Simply download the executable and double-click it to start the application.

    For your security, the executable is digitally signed by Core Technologies Consulting, LLC, the authors of the software.

    After downloading, you may want to move the program from your download folder to a more permanent location. We suggest C:\Program Files\Service Trigger Editor\

  • Service Trigger Editor needs administrative access to work with your Windows Services. On Windows 7, 2008 and Vista, you may be prompted to allow administrative access when starting the application:

    Trigger Start Services: Installation

    Please ensure that the program is properly signed by its authors, Core Technologies Consulting, LLC as pictured above.


Trigger Start Services: Overview

The Main Window

  • When Service Trigger Editor starts, you will be presented with the main window:

  • The top pane shows all the services installed on your PC. Those running will have a green circle to the left, while those having triggers will feature a blue puzzle-piece (the symbol of a trigger).

    Services can be started or stopped from the Service Menu.

    Choose Only Services With Services from the View Menu to hide the services that do not have triggers.

  • The bottom pane of the screen shows the triggers for the selected service (if there are any). The icons to the right capture some of the trigger's configuration.

    Use the Trigger Menu to add, edit or remove the triggers.


Trigger Start Services: Overview

Adding a Trigger

  • To add a new trigger for a service, select that service in the top pane of the main window and choose Add... from the Trigger Menu. This will summon the Add Trigger dialog, pictured here with the select-event drop down control extended:

    Trigger Start Services: Add Trigger

  • Specify the action to take and the event that will trigger the action. For example, you can say "Start the service when the computer joins a domain".

    Some trigger events have non-trivial configuration and require additional data to be entered. Specifically:

    • A firewall port is opened/closed: You must enter one or more ports to be monitored. From Microsoft's technical documentation, the data should use this format, with some parts optional: <PORT>;<PROTOCOL>;<EXE-NAME>;<SERVICE-NAME-OR-SID>
    • A specific device arrives: You must select the device. The drop-down contains several known devices, but you can enter your own GUID if necessary. Please enter GUIDs enclosed in curly braces and format like this: {53f56307-b6bf-11d0-94f2-00a0c91efb8b}. Additional data can be entered as well.
    • A custom event occurs: You must enter the GUID of the event provider. Additional data can be entered as well.
    • A packet/request arrives on a network protocol: You must select the network protocol (or enter the GUID of one not listed) as well as an endpoint or interface GUID. Note: This event is only available on Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 and later.


Trigger Start Services: Overview

Editing/Viewing a Trigger

  • To edit (or view) an existing trigger, highlight it in the bottom pane of the main window and choose Edit/View... from the Trigger Menu. This will summon the Edit/View Trigger dialog, which is virtually identical to the Add Trigger dialog:

    Trigger Start Services: Edit Device Trigger

  • Please see Adding a Trigger for a description of the controls on the dialog.

Trigger Start Services: Overview

Removing a Trigger

  • To remove an existing trigger, highlight it in the lower pane of the main window and choose Remove from the Trigger Menu. You will be asked to confirm removal, and if you do, the trigger will be removed from the list.
  • You can also select Remove All from the Trigger Menu to remove all triggers for the selected service.

Download

Download Service Trigger Editor Version 2.0 New!
April 26 2014
1.3 MB EXE
  • Ready-to-run - no installation
  • Windows 8/7 and Windows Server 2012/2008 R2 supported
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